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How to write an introduction to a research letter

An introduction to research is the most important part of the whole project. The introduction of research work is recommended to pay special attention, this is how it is the business card of your project, which briefly reflects the essence of your research or search work.

How to write an introduction?
To determine how to write an introduction to this work, you must:
– Consider the structure and plan for the introduction of research work;
– Competently formulate the relevance, subject, an object of research;
– To clarify the purpose and objectives of the project;
– Determine the novelty and methods of research.

In the chapter “Introduction” it is necessary to briefly present the main ideas of research work. Whatever this item does not take much time to read, but briefly and clearly demonstrated everything, because this is the first section of a research project.

It reveals the relevance of the topic, the purpose, and objectives of the project, the object of study and hypothesis, which is formulated when there is a practical part in research work, the presence of experiments, experiments, observations.

Confirmation of the relevance of the research work proves the importance, modernity, the need for the results of the study.

The goal of the research is also formulated.

It is also important to specify the specific research tasks that you will have to solve during the entire course of your project.

The structure of the introduction.
The structure of the introduction of research work:
1. The relevance of the research topic;
2. The problem to be addressed by the study;
3. The object and subject of study;
4. The purpose of the research work;
5. Tasks of research work;
6. Hypothesis;
7. The main stages of the organization;
8. Research methods;
9. The scientific novelty of the research;
10. The theoretical significance of the work;
11. The practical significance of the work;
12. Characteristics of the main sources of information.

Each of the above points in the draft is described from a strictly new paragraph without numbering and without a heading

It is advisable to highlight the words in bold: the relevance of the work, the subject of the research, the object of the research, the purpose of the research, the objectives of the research

The volume of the Introduction section is usually around 1-1.5 pages.

The Introduction section is designed according to the research design guidelines.

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Ford dissertation fellowship

What students should know about Ford Foundation scholarships.

Since 1936, the Ford Foundation, created by members of the Ford family, has turned into an international charity event that began as a donation of 25 thousand dollars. The main mission of the foundation is to invest in “scientific, educational and charitable purposes, everything for public welfare.”

Despite the fact that a large part of the Foundation’s finances is transferred to large human rights organizations, the Foundation allocates a certain part of the money for scholarships for those who conduct Ph.D. research programs in a number of areas. Financing students at the pre-doctoral and dissertation stages of their degrees, this program has set itself the main goal – to diversify the ranks of teachers and popularize this profession, showing all the benefits, including material.


Ford Foundation provides:

– 24 000 dollars annually for three years of study in graduate school

– participation in the annual conference Ford Fellows

– Access to Ford Fellows representatives, a network of former Ford Fellows who now support and direct current

Eligible for Ford Scholarship.

Those who want to get a scholarship must demonstrate their commitment to diversity by actively working in one or several aspects of the Ford’s Foundation mission to create a more open American university system. Ways to do this:
– to increase the ethnic and racial diversity of the facult
– maximize the educational benefits of diversity
– increase the number of professors who use diversity as a resource to enrich the education of all students

Also, students submit to the Ford Foundation a variety of papers: evidence of their services to the university, reports on the implementation of the Foundation’s missions, dissertations, new scientific discoveries, essays with the aim of obtaining scholarships, and so on. Despite the fact that it seems that getting these 24 thousand is easy, some start working in this direction for the time before admission, submitting applications to it even before enrolling in higher education, because this is one of the few options when there is at least a small, but a chance. The competition is so huge!

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What is scaffolding in education

For the first time, the concept of such a phenomenon in education as scaffolding was discussed as early as 1976 in an article by David Wood, Jerome Bruner and Gail Ross entitled “The Role of Education in Problem Solving”

In education, scaffolding is referred to as diverse teaching methods, as it is used to smoothly direct the student to a deeper understanding of the topic or subject, which ultimately leads to complete independence in the educational process, the desire to acquire new knowledge and develop in every way.

Scaffolding is a helping hand (suggestions, rules or parameters) that the teacher reaches the student. This allows students to receive help only in those disciplines and skills that are new to them and for which their skills are not enough.

Types of scaffolding:

1. Sensorial (illustrations, models and figures, drawings and diagrams, objects in real life, etc.)
Goals:
– the best learning acquired knowledge
– understand how the process works
– acquiring new knowledge
These are the best for: visual learners, entering ELs, auditory learners.

2. Interactive (small groups, using cooperative structures, with the Internet or apps)
Purpose:
– Synthesizing information
– Planning action
– Cultivating empathy & open-mindedness
Best for social leaners, topics with multiple views

3. Graphic (infographics, graphic organizers, graphs, charts)
Purpose:
– acquiring knowledge through numerical data
– noticing outliners
– seeing cause-effect relationships
Best for large sets of data, linear thinkers, challenging ELs an any level

When a student begins to do everything himself, the teacher ceases to apply the techniques of scaffolding. It can be used regardless of the level of the educational institution, regardless of discipline, but despite this multifunctionality, scaffolding requires a detailed lesson planning from the teacher.

What are the advantages of scaffolding?

When using such a technique of conducting an educational process, more better-motivated children appear, they spend more time on learning, doing it of their own will, and lose less on searching, which increases their chance of success in mastering the desired skill, work or labor. The advantages are quite simple and straightforward, but that does not make them less impressive.

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How to write an analytical essay

How to put yourself together and start writing?
Writing a correct analytical essay is very difficult, especially if you are doing it for the first time. First, relax and tune in to the productive wave.
– Identify the object. Basically, such essays are used for in-depth analysis. To cope, you need to divide the task into several components and provide arguments.
– Carefully and concentrated look at your essay topic. For each subject of mathematics, its own analysis method is suitable.
– Come up with theses on which you will later build your essay.
– The scheme does not hurt – draw the main theme and additional topics extending from it. Start with a thesis statement. Your thesis should be focused to fit the assignment.
You made yourself a hint, and now we will start writing.

Structure of an essay:
1. An introduction should provide the reader with basic information about the problem. You should cause interest in the person that he would continue to read. Be sure to use the thesis to acclimatize on the question of this essay.

2. Paragraphs. Each paragraph should consist of 1) the main sentence, 2) analysis of a part of the text, 3) an argument from the text, which confirms the analysis of the work and the thesis statement. The main sentence contains information about the content of the paragraph. You analyze the text when you give your arguments. The facts mentioned should support your argument. Remember that each statement must support the thesis.

3. To reinforce your thoughts, use quotes on the subject of your essay. This will add weight to your words. Demonstrates that you are guided in this topic.

4. Conclusion. In conclusion, you should remind the reader of the process of proving an argument. You can also rephrase the opening thesis of the essay.

After doing all the points, do a self-test of your essay. If you doubt your ability or want a side view of your essay, then ask someone to trust this test. So you can correct it in case of anything and get the highest score.

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College application essay examples

Upon admission to higher education, the applicant will have to write a small essay. The topics are very different, but most of them concern the personal qualities of the applicant, why he chose this particular university, and so on.

Your essay is your big shot to show colleges who you are — it’s reasonable to get stressed out. But don’t let that stress paralyze you.

To show how easy it is, we have prepared an example of an application letter:

For as long as I can remember, I dreamed of taking my place in art. Where others see a monotonous scratching on paper with a pencil, I see only excitement. Even when I was a child, I was constantly looking for it, first in books about great artists, their paintings, sculptures and other achievements, then at street exhibitions of local painters, and then personally in every museum in my country I could get to. The art in all its manifestations fascinated me, but the portraits occupied a special place in the heart. For me, painting portraits was an incredible joy that only grew stronger over time. It was this endless passion that led me here, to the door of an already familiar museum. Participation in a creative contest for summer education in this museum breathed a new life into me, and only thinking about studying in these walls made me forget about everything else.

Even at first, when the whole group sat in class and practiced what seemed to be uninteresting exercises, some sighed and yawned from boredom, listening about the greatest people of the art world, I was still in awe. A single thought was spinning in my head – “this is the place to which I belong.”

Further events were even more exciting than I could have imagined. During the summer practice in nature, I painted flowers, plants, and people – and enjoyed every minute. I even liked the feeling of anxiety when I was waiting for the results. But most of all I liked the process of drawing.

In the end, although the days sometimes stretched for a very long time, and there was still a lot of work, I did it no matter what. This pride has confirmed and strengthened my love for drawing. I felt more alive in the walls of the museum than anywhere else, and I am determined to return. I always dreamed of art, but since that summer, after the experiment, I dreamed only of the future in it. For me, drawing is the future, and in it, I seek another opportunity to follow my passion. In the end, to follow your dream and catch it by the tail is what I want.